Copyright notice: The PDFs on this page are provided to facilitate the non-commercial exchange of scientific information. In many cases, the publishers of these articles hold the copyright. Anyone downloading a PDF from this page should use it in manner consistent with the fair use provisions of U.S. copyright law. In particular, downloaded PDFs should not be distributed or used for any profit-making enterprise.


Bergel A, Schmidt JM, Barrillot B, Arthaud S, Averty L, Blumberg MS, Carachet C, Clair A, Froidevaux C, Herrel A, Massot B, Rattenborg NC, Schmidt MH, Tanter M, Ungurean G, Libourel P-A. A global and fundamental infraslow rhythm in mammals, birds, and lizards reshapes our understanding of the evolution of REM sleep. Submitted. 

Ahmad M, Kim J, Dwyer B, Sokoloff G, & Blumberg MS. Coincident development and synchronization of sleep-dependent delta in the cortex and medulla. Current Biology, 34, 2024. pdf

Richardson A, Sokoloff G, & Blumberg MS. Developmentally unique cerebellar processing prioritizes self- over other-generated movements. Journal of Neuroscience, 44: e2345232024, 2024. pdf


Glanz RM, Sokoloff G, & Blumberg MS. Neural decoding reveals specialized kinematic tuning after an abrupt cortical transition. Cell Reports, 42: 113119, 2023. pdf

Blumberg MS & Adolph KE. Infant action and cognition: what's at stake? Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 27: 696-698, 2023. pdf

Gómez LJ, Dooley JC, & Blumberg MS. Activity in developing prefrontal cortex is shaped by sleep and sensory experience. eLife, 12: e82103, 2023. pdf

Blumberg MS & Adolph KE. Protracted development of motor cortex constrains rich interpretations of infant cognition. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 27: 233-245, 2023. pdf

Blumberg MS, Sokoloff G, & Gómez LJ. Ontogeny of sleep. In C. Kushida (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Sleep and Circadian Rhythms (Second Edition). Oxford: Elsevier, 2023, pp. 31-39.


Blumberg MS, Dooley JC, & Tiriac A. Sleep, plasticity, and sensory neurodevelopment. Neuron, 110: 3230-3242, 2022. pdf

Del Rio-Bermudez C & Blumberg MS. Sleep as a window on the sensorimotor foundations of the developing hippocampus. Hippocampus, 32: 89-97, 2022. pdf


Dooley JC, Sokoloff G, & Blumberg MS. Movements during sleep reveal the developmental emergence of a cerebellar-dependent internal model in motor thalamus. Current Biology, 31: 5501-5511. 2021. pdf

Glanz RM, Dooley JC, Sokoloff G, & Blumberg MS. Sensory coding of limb kinematics in motor cortex across a key developmental transition. Journal of Neuroscience, 41: 6905-6918, 2021. pdf

Sokoloff G, Dooley JC, Glanz RM, Wen RY, Hickerson MM, Evans LG, Laughlin HM, Apfelbaum KS, & Blumberg MS. Twitches emerge postnatally during quiet sleep in human infants and are synchronized with sleep spindles. Current Biology, 31: 3426-3432, 2021. pdf 

Gómez LJ, Dooley JC, Sokoloff G, & Blumberg MS. Parallel and serial processing in developing primary somatosensory and motor cortex. Journal of Neuroscience, 41: 3418-3431, 2021. pdf


Dooley JC, Glanz RM, Sokoloff G, & Blumberg MS. Self-generated whisker movements drive state-dependent sensory input to developing barrel cortex. Current Biology, 30: 2404-2410, 2020. pdf

Sokoloff G, Hickerson MM, Wen, RY, Tobias M, McMurray B, & Blumberg MS. Spatiotemporal organization of myoclonic twitching in sleeping human infants. Developmental Psychobiology, 62: 697-710, 2020. pdf

Del Rio-Bermudez C, Kim J, Sokoloff G, & Blumberg MS. Active sleep promotes coherent oscillatory activity in the cortico-hippocampal system of infant rats. Cerebral Cortex, 30: 2070-2082, 2020. pdf

Blumberg MS, Dooley JC, & Sokoloff G. The developing brain revealed during sleep. Current Opinion in Physiology, 15: 14-22, 2020. pdf

Blumberg MS, Lesku JA, Libourel PA, Schmidt MH, Rattenborg NC. What is REM sleep? Current Biology, 30: R38-49, 2020. pdf


Dooley JC, Sokoloff G, & Blumberg MS. Behavioral states modulate sensory processing in early development. Current Sleep Medicine Reports, 5: 112-117, 2019. pdf

Amso D & Blumberg MS. Introduction to special issue marking the 50th anniversary of Developmental Psychobiology, 61: 315-316, 2019. pdf

Blumberg MS. Q&A. Current Biology, 29: R5-R6, 2019. pdf


Dooley JC, & Blumberg MS. Developmental "awakening" of primary motor cortex to the sensory consequences of movement. eLife7: e41841, 2018. pdf

Mukherjee D, Sokoloff G, & Blumberg MS. Corollary discharge in precerebellar nuclei of sleeping infant rats. eLife, 7: e3821, 2018. pdf

Del Rio-Bermudez C, & Blumberg MS. Active sleep promotes functional connectivity in developing sensorimotor networks. BioEssays, 40: 1700234, 2018. pdf

Sokoloff G & Blumberg MS. Recording extracellular activity in the developing cerebellum of behaving rats. In R. V. Sillitoe (Ed.), Extracellular Recording Approaches (Neuromethods, Vol. 134). New York, NY: Springer, 2018, pp. 225-247. pdf


Blumberg MS, & Dooley JC. Phantom limbs, neuroprosthetics, and the developmental origins of embodiment. Trends in Neurosciences, 40: 603-612, 2017. pdf

Mukherjee D, Yonk A, Sokoloff G, & Blumberg MS. Wakefulness suppresses retinal-wave-related activation of visual cortex. Journal of Neurophysiology, 1181190-1197, 2017. pdf

Del Rio-Bermudez C, Kim J, Sokoloff G, and Blumberg MS. Theta oscillations during active sleep synchronize the developing rubro-hippocampal sensorimotor network. Current Biology, 27: 1413-1424, 2017. pdf

Harshaw ., Blumberg MS, & Alberts JR. Thermoregulation, energetics, and behavior. In J. Call (ed.), Handbook of Comparative Psychology, Washington, DC: APA Publications, 2017, pp. 931-952. pdf

Blumberg MS & Rattenborg NC. Decomposing the evolution of sleep: Comparative and developmental approaches. In J. H. Kaas (ed.), The Evolution of Nervous Systems 2e, Volume 3, Oxford: Elsevier, 2017, pp. 523-545. pdf


Blumberg MS. Development evolving: The origins and meanings of instinct. WIREs Cognitive Science, 2016. doi: 10.1002/wcs.1371 pdf

Blumberg MS, Spencer JP, & Shenk, D. Introduction to the collection “How we develop: Developmental systems and the emergence of complex behaviors.” WIREs Cognitive Science,  2016. doi: 10.1002/wcs.1413 pdf  website

Spencer JP, Blumberg MS, & Shenk D. Moving beyond nature-nurture: a problem of science or communication? IEEE Newsletter of the Technical Committee on Cognitive and Developmental Systems. 13: 4-5, 2016. (A dialog with 12 responses and a reply.) pdf

Tiriac A, & Blumberg MS. Gating of reafference in the external cuneate nucleus during self-generated movements in wake but not sleep. eLife, 5: e18749, 2016. pdf

Del Rio-Bermudez C, Plumeau AM., Sattler NJ, Sokoloff G, & Blumberg MS. Spontaneous activity and functional connectivity in the developing cerebellorubral system. Journal of Neurophysiology, 1161316-1327, 2016. pdf

Tiriac A & Blumberg MS. The case of the disappearing spindle burst. Neural Plasticity, 2016. pdf

Blumberg MS & Plumeau AM. A new view of "dream enactment" in REM sleep behavior disorder. Sleep Medicine Reviews, 30: 34-42, 2016. pdf


Pospelov A, Yukin AY, Blumberg MS, Puskarjov M, & Kaila, K. Forebrain-independent generation of hyperthermic convulsions in infants rats. Epilepsia, 2015. pdf

Sokoloff G, Plumeau AM, Mukherjee D, & Blumberg MS. Twitch-related and rhythmic activation of the developing cerebellar cortex. Journal of Neurophysiology, 114: 1746-1756, 2015. pdf

Del Rio-Bermudez C, Sokoloff G, & Blumberg MS. Sensorimotor processing in the newborn rat red nucleus during active sleep. Journal of Neuroscience, 35: 8322-8332, 2015. pdf

Blumberg MS, Sokoloff G, Tiriac A, & Del Rio-Bermudez C. A valuable and promising method for recording brain activity in behaving newborn rodents. Developmental Psychobiology, 57: 506-517, 2015. pdf

Blumberg MS, Coleman CM, Sokoloff G, Weiner JA, Fritzsch B, & McMurray B. Development of twitching in sleeping infant mice depends on sensory experience. Current Biology, 25: 656-662, 2015. pdf

Blumberg MS. The developmental origins of spatial navigation: Are we headed in the right direction? Trends in Neurosciences, 38: 67-68, 2015. pdf

Blumberg MS. Developing sensorimotor systems in our sleep. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 24: 32-37, 2015. pdf

Tiriac A, Sokoloff G, & Blumberg MS. Myoclonic twitching and sleep-dependent plasticity in the developing sensorimotor system. Current Sleep Medicine Reports, 1: 74-79, 2015. pdf

Sokoloff G, Uitermarkt B, and Blumberg MS. REM sleep twitches rouse nascent cerebellar circuits: Implications for sensorimotor development. Developmental Neurobiology, 75: 1140-1153, 2015. pdf


Tiriac A, Del Rio-Bermudez C, & Blumberg MS. Self-generated movements with "unexpected" sensory consequences. Current Biology, 24: 2136-2141, 2014. pdf

Blumberg MS, Gall AJ, and Todd WD. The development of sleep–wake rhythms and the search for elemental circuits in the infant brain. Behavioral Neuroscience, 128: 250-263, 2014. pdf


Blumberg MS, Coleman CM, Gerth AI, and McMurray B. Spatiotemporal structure of REM sleep twitching reveals developmental origins of motor synergies. Current Biology, 23: 2100-2109, 2013. pdf

Blumberg MS. Setting the right tone. Current Biology, 23: R834-R836, 2013. pdf

Blumberg MS, Marques HG, and Iida F. Twitching in sensorimotor development from sleeping rats to robots. Current Biology, 23: R532-R537, 2013. pdf

Blumberg MS. Ontogeny of sleep. In: The Encyclopedia of Sleep, vol. 1, edited by C. Kushida. Oxford: Elsevier, 2013, pp. 32-37. pdf


Tiriac A, Uitermarkt BD, Fanning AS, Sokoloff G, & Blumberg MS. Rapid whisker movements in sleeping newborn rats. Current Biology, 22: 2075-2080, 2012. pdf

Gall AJ, Todd WD, & Blumberg MS. Development of SCN connectivity and the circadian control of arousal: A diminishing role for humoral factors? PLoS ONE, 2012. pdf

Blumberg MS. Homology, correspondence, and continuity across development: The case of sleep. Developmental Psychobiology, 55: 92-100, 2012. pdf

Todd WD, Gall AJ, Weiner JA, & Blumberg MS. Distinct retinohypothalamic innervation patterns predict the developmental emergence of species-typical circadian preference in nocturnal Norway rats and diurnal Nile grass rats. Journal of Comparative Neurology, 520: 3277-3292, 2012. pdf


Schmidt D, Best J, Blumberg MS. Random graph and stochastic process contributions to network dynamics. AIMS Proceedings, 2: 1279-1288, 2011. pdf

Blumberg MS. Phenomenology and function of myoclonic twitching in developing rats. In: Rapid eye movement sleep: Regulation and function, edited by BN Mallick, SR Pandi-Perumal, RW McCarley, and A Morrison. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2011, pp. 130-139.  

Karlsson KÆ, Arnardóttir H, Robinson SR, and Blumberg MS. Dynamics of sleep-wake cyclicity across the fetal period in sheep (Ovis aries). Developmental Psychobiology, 53: 89-95, 2011. pdf


Blumberg MS. Beyond dreams: do sleep-related movements contribute to brain development? Frontiers in Neurology, 2010. pdf

Marcano-Reik AJ, Prasad T, Weiner JA, & Blumberg MS. An abrupt development shift in callosal modulation of sleep-related spindle bursts coincides with the emergence of excitatory-inhibitory balance and a reduction of somatosensory cortical plasticity. Behavioral Neuroscience, 124: 600-611, 2010. pdf

Wasserman EA & Blumberg MS. Designing minds: How should we explain the origins of novel behaviors? American Scientist, May-June, 2010, pp. 183-185. pdf

Mohns EJ, & Blumberg MS. Neocortical activation of the hippocampus during sleep in newborn rats. Journal of Neuroscience, 30: 3438-3449, 2010. pdf

Seelke AMH & Blumberg MS. Developmental appearance and disappearance of cortical events and oscillations in infant rats. Brain Research, 1324: 34-42, 2010. pdf

Todd WD, Gibson JL, Shaw CS, and Blumberg MS. Brainstem and hypothalamic regulation of sleep pressure and rebound in newborn rats. Behavioral Neuroscience, 124: 69-78, 2010. pdf (see Commentary by Michael Corner)   

Marcano-Reik AJ & Blumberg MS. Neuroscience. In: The Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology and Behavioral Science. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley, 2010, pp. 1086-1088.


Blumberg MS, Freeman JH, & Robinson, SR. The Oxford Handbook of Developmental Behavioral Neuroscience, edited by MS Blumberg, JH Freeman, and SR Robinson. New York: Oxford University Press, 2009. pdf

Blumberg MS, Freeman JH, & Robinson, SR. Introduction: A new frontier for developmental behavioral neuroscience. In: The Oxford Handbook of Developmental Behavioral Neuroscience, edited by MS Blumberg, JH Freeman, and SR Robinson. New York: Oxford University Press, 2009, pp. 1-4. pdf

Blumberg MS. & Seelke AMH. The form and function of infant sleep: From muscle to neocortex. In: The Oxford Handbook of Developmental Behavioral Neuroscience, edited by MS Blumberg, JH Freeman, and SR Robinson. New York: Oxford University Press, 2009, pp. 391-423. pdf

Blumberg MS. Challenging the New York Times: Is FOXP2 really a "speech gene"?, 2009.

Wasserman EA & Blumberg MS. Evolution of the monkey crouch. Science, 325: 812 (Aug. 14), 2009. pdf

Spencer JP, Samuelson LK, Blumberg MS, McMurray B, Robinson SR, and Tomblin JB. Seeing the world through a third eye: Developmental systems theory looks beyond the nativist-empiricist debate. Child Development Perspectives, 3: 103-105, 2009. pdf

Spencer JP, Blumberg MS, McMurray B, Robinson SR, Samuelson LK, and Tomblin JB. Short arms and talking eggs: Why we should no longer abide the nativist-empiricist debate. Child Development Perspectives, 3: 79-87, 2009. pdf

Gall AJ, Joshi B, Best J, Florang VR, Doorn JA, & Blumberg MS. Developmental emergence of power-law wake behavior depends upon the functional integrity of the locus coeruleus. Sleep, 32: 920-926, 2009. pdf

Mohns EJ. & Blumberg MS. Hippocampal EEG in the neonatal rat: Development of normal and pathological activity. In: Encyclopedia of Basic Epilepsy Research, Vol. 2, edited by PA Schwartzkroin. Oxford: Academic Press, 2009, pp. 1061-1065.

Blumberg, M. S. Evolution shapes systems, not just genes. Nature, 457, 785 (Feb. 12), 2009. pdf


Marcano-Reik AJ, & Blumberg MS. The corpus callosum modulates spindle-burst activity within homotopic regions of somatosensory cortex in newborn rats. European Journal of Neuroscience, 28: 1457-1468, 2008. pdf

Blumberg, M. S. Bridgeless gaps. OUPblog, 2008.

Mohns EJ & Blumberg MS. Synchronous bursts of neuronal activity in the developing hippocampus: Modulation by active sleep, and association with emerging gamma and theta rhythms. Journal of Neuroscience, 28: 10134-10144, 2008. pdf (Supplemental material)

Gall AJ, Todd WD, Ray B, Coleman CM, & Blumberg MS. The development of day-night differences in sleep and wakefulness in Norway rats and the effect of bilateral enucleation. Journal of Biological Rhythms, 23: 232-241, 2008. pdf

Seelke AMH & Blumberg MS. The microstructure of active and quiet sleep as cortical delta activity emerges in infant rats. Sleep, 31: 691-699, 2008. pdf


Mohns EJ, Karlsson KÆ, & Blumberg MS. Developmental emergence of transient and persistent hippocampal events and oscillations and their association with infant seizure susceptibility. European Journal of Neuroscience, 26: 2719-2730, 2007. pdf

Blumberg MS, Karlsson KÆ, & Seelke AMH. Sleep, development, and human health. Sleep, 30: 549-550, 2007. pdf

Blumberg MS. Anthropomorphism and evidence (invited commentary). Comparative Cognition & Behavior Reviews, 2: 145-146, 2007. pdf

Gall AJ, Poremba A, & Blumberg MS. Brainstem cholinergic modulation of muscle tone in infant rats. European Journal of Neuroscience, 25: 3367-3375, 2007. pdf

Blumberg MS, Coleman C, Johnson, ED, & Shaw C. Developmental divergence of sleep-wake patterns in orexin knockout and wild-type mice. European Journal of Neuroscience, 25: 512-518, 2007. pdf


Karlsson KÆ, Mohns EJ, Vianna di Prisco G, & Blumberg MS. On the co-occurrence of startles and hippocampal sharp waves in newborn rats. Hippocampus, 16: 959-965, 2006. pdf

Wasserman EA & Blumberg MS. Designing minds. APS Observer, 19: 25-26, 2006. pdf

Mohns EJ, Karlsson KÆ, & Blumberg MS. The preoptic hypothalamus and basal forebrain play opposing roles in the descending modulation of sleep and wakefulness in infant rats. European Journal of Neuroscience, 23: 1301-1310, 2006. pdf


Blumberg MS, Seelke AMH, Lowen SB, & Karlsson KÆ. Dynamics of sleep-wake cyclicity in developing rats. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 102: 14860-14864, 2005. pdf

Seelke AMH, Karlsson KÆ, Gall AJ, & Blumberg MS. Extraocular muscle activity, rapid eye movements, and the development of active and quiet sleep. European Journal of Neuroscience, 22: 911-920, 2005. pdf

Middlemis-Brown JE, Johnson ED, and Blumberg MS. Separable brainstem and forebrain contributions to ultrasound production in infant rats. Behavioral Neuroscience, 119: 1111-1117, 2005. pdf

Blumberg MS. The animal zealotry that destroyed our lab. The Washington Post, Sunday Outlook, July 17, 2005. pdf

Karlsson KÆ, Gall AJ, Mohns EJ, Seelke AMH, & Blumberg MS. The neural substrates of infant sleep in rats. PLoS Biology, 3, 891-901: 2005. pdf  synopsis

Kreider JC & Blumberg MS. Geotaxis and beyond: Commentary on Motz and Alberts (2005). Neurotoxicology and Teratology, 27, 535-537: 2005. pdf

Blumberg MS, Johnson ED, and Middlemis-Brown JE. Inhibition of ultrasonic vocalizations by beta-adrenoceptor agonists. Developmental Psychobiology, 47: 66-76, 2005. pdf

Seelke AMH, & Blumberg MS. Thermal and nutritional modulation of sleep in infant rats. Behavioral Neuroscience, 119: 603-611, 2005. pdf

Blumberg MS, Karlsson KÆ, Seelke AMH, & Mohns EJ. The ontogeny of mammalian sleep: A response to Frank and Heller (2003). Journal of Sleep Research,14: 91-101, 2005. pdf

Karlsson KÆ, & Blumberg MS. Active medullary control of atonia in week-old rats. Neuroscience, 130: 275-283, 2005. pdf


Blumberg MS. Behavioral thermoregulation. In: Encyclopedia of Animal Behavior, edited by M Bekoff. Westport, CT: Greenwood Publishing Group, 2004, pp. 104-107.

Blumberg MS, Middlemis-Brown JE, and Johnson ED. Sleep homeostasis in infant rats. Behavioral Neuroscience, 118: 1253-1261, 2004. pdf

Seelke AMH, & Blumberg MS. Sniffing during sleep and wakefulness in infant rats. Behavioral Neuroscience, 118: 267-273, 2004. pdf

Sokoloff G & Blumberg MS. Vocalization. In: The Behaviour of the Laboratory Rat: A Handbook With Tests, edited by B Kolb and IQ Whishaw. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 2004, pp. 371-380.

Karlsson KÆ, & Blumberg MS. Temperature-induced reciprocal activation of infant hippocampal field activity. Journal of Neurophysiology, 91: 583-588, 2004. pdf

Karlsson KÆ, Kreider JC, & Blumberg MS. Hypothalamic contribution to sleep-wake cycle development. Neuroscience, 123: 575-582, 2004. pdf


Blumberg MS & Sokoloff G. Hard heads and open minds: A reply to Panksepp. Psychological Review, 110: 389-394, 2003. pdf

Karlsson KÆ, & Blumberg MS. Hippocampal theta in the newborn rat is revealed under conditions that promote REM sleep. Journal of Neuroscience, 23: 1114-1118, 2003. pdf


Karlsson KÆ & Blumberg MS. The union of the state: Myoclonic twitching is coupled with nuchal muscle atonia in infant rats. Behavioral Neuroscience, 116: 912-917, 2002. pdf

Sokoloff G & Blumberg, MS Contributions of endothermy to huddling behavior in infant Norway rats (Rattus norvegicus) and Syrian golden hamsters (Mesocricetus auratus)Journal of Comparative Psychology, 116: 240-246, 2002. pdf

Sokoloff G, Blumberg MS, Boline EA, Johnson ED, & Streeper NM. Thermoregulatory behavior in infant Norway rats (Rattus norvegicus) and Syrian golden hamsters (Mesocricetus auratus): Arousal, orientation, and locomotion. Journal of Comparative Psychology, 116: 228-239, 2002. pdf

Blumberg MS, Lewis SJ, & Sokoloff G. Incubation temperature modulates post-hatching thermoregulatory behavior in the Madagascar ground gecko, Paroedura pictusJournal of Experimental Biology, 205: 2777-2784, 2002. pdf

Blumberg MS, Sokoloff G, Kirby RF, Knoot TG, & Lewis SJ. Effects of antihypertensive drugs on ultrasound production and cardiovascular responses in 15-day-old rats. Behavioural Brain Research, 131: 37-46, 2002. pdf


Blumberg MS, Knoot TG, & Kirby RF. Neural and hormonal control of arterial pressure during thermal challenge in unanesthetized infant rats. American Journal of Physiology, 281: R1514-R1521, 2001. pdf

Blumberg MS. The developmental context of thermal homeostasis. In EM Blass (ed.), The Handbook of Behavioral Neurobiology, Volume 13, Developmental Psychobiology, Developmental Neurobiology and Behavioral Ecology: Mechanisms and Early Principles, New York: Plenum Press, pp. 199-228, 2001. pdf

Sokoloff G & Blumberg MS. Competition and cooperation among huddling infant rats. Developmental Psychobiology, 39: 65-75, 2001. pdf

Blumberg MS & Sokoloff G. Do infant rats cry? Psychological Review, 108: 83-95, 2001. pdf


Kreider JC & Blumberg MS. Mesopontine contribution to the expression of active "twitch" sleep in decerebrate week-old rats. Brain Research, 872: 149-159, 2000. pdf

Sokoloff G, Blumberg MS, & Adams MM. A comparative analysis of huddling in infant Norway rats and Syrian golden hamsters: Does endothermy modulate behavior? Behavioral Neuroscience, 114: 585-593, 2000. pdf

Blumberg MS, Kreber L, Sokoloff G, Kent, K. Cardiovascular mediation of clonidine-induced ultrasound production in infant rats. Behavioral Neuroscience, 114: 602-608, 2000. pdf

Robinson SR, Blumberg MS, Lane M, & Kreber L. Spontaneous motor activity in fetal and infant rats is organized into discrete multilimb bouts. Behavioral Neuroscience,114: 328-336, 2000. pdf

Blumberg MS, Sokoloff G, & Kent KJ. A developmental analysis of clonidine's effects on cardiac rate and ultrasound production in infant rats. Developmental Psychobiology, 36: 186-193, 2000. pdf

Blumberg MS & Sokoloff G, Kirby RF, & Kent KJ. Distress vocalizations in infant rats: What's all the fuss about? Psychological Science, 11: 78-81, 2000. pdf


Blumberg MS, Sokoloff G, & Kent KJ. Cardiovascular concomitants of ultrasound production during cold exposure in infant rats. Behavioral Neuroscience, 113: 1274-1282, 1999. pdf

Kreider JC & Blumberg MS. Geotaxis in two-week-old Norway rats (Rattus norvegicus): A reevaluation. Developmental Psychobiology, 35: 35-42, 1999. pdf

Kirby RF, Sokoloff G, Perdomo E, & Blumberg MS. Thermoregulatory and cardiac responses of infant spontaneously hypertensive and Wistar-Kyoto rats to cold exposure. Hypertension, 33: 1465-1469, 1999. pdf

Blumberg MS, Deaver K, & Kirby RF. Leptin disinhibits nonshivering thermogenesis in infants after maternal separation. American Journal of Physiology, 276: R606-R610, 1999. pdf


Sokoloff G, Kirby RF, & Blumberg MS. Further evidence that BAT thermogenesis modulates cardiac rate in infant rats. American Journal of Physiology, 274: R1712-R1717, 1998. pdf

Sokoloff G, & Blumberg MS. Thermoregulatory competence and behavioral expression in the young of altricial species—Revisited. Developmental Psychobiology, 33: 107-123, 1998. pdf

Sokoloff G & Blumberg MS. Active sleep in cold-exposed infant Norway rats and Syrian golden hamsters: The role of brown adipose tissue thermogenesis. Behavioral Neuroscience, 112: 695-706, 1998. pdf

Kirby RF & Blumberg MS. Maintenance of arterial pressure in infant rats during moderate and extreme thermal challenge. Developmental Psychobiology, 32: 169-176, 1998. pdf


Blumberg MS. Ontogeny of cardiac rate regulation and brown fat thermogenesis in golden hamsters (Mesocricetus auratus)Journal of Comparative Physiology B, 167: 552-557, 1997. pdf

Blumberg MS & Sokoloff G. Dynamics of brown fat thermogenesis in week-old rats: Evidence of relative stability during moderate cold exposure. Physiological Zoology, 70: 324-330, 1997. pdf

Blumberg MS, Sokoloff G, & Kirby RF. Brown fat thermogenesis and cardiac rate regulation during cold challenge in infant rats. American Journal of Physiology, 272: R1308-R1313, 1997. pdf

Sokoloff G, & Blumberg MS. Thermogenic, respiratory, and ultrasonic responses of week-old rats across the transition from moderate to extreme cold exposure. Developmental Psychobiology, 30: 181-194, 1997. pdf

Blumberg MS & Alberts JR. Incidental emissions, fortuitous effects, and the origins of communication. In: Perspectives in Ethology, Volume 12, edited by DH Owings, MD Beecher, and NS Thompson. New York, Plenum Press, 1997, pp. 225-249. pdf


Blumberg MS & Wasserman EA. Animals have minds? American Psychologist, 51: 59-60, 1996.

Blumberg MS & Stolba MA. Thermogenesis, myoclonic twitching, and ultrasonic vocalization in neonatal rats during moderate and extreme cold exposure. Behavioral Neuroscience, 110: 305-314, 1996. pdf

Blumberg MS & Lucas DE. A developmental and component analysis of active sleep. Developmental Psychobiology, 29: 1-22, 1996. pdf


Blumberg MS, Schalk SL, & Sokoloff G. Pontine and basal forebrain transections disinhibit brown fat thermogenesis in neonatal rats. Brain Research, 699: 214-220, 1995. pdf

Gagliardi JL, Kirkpatrick-Steger KK, Thomas J, Allen GJ, & Blumberg MS. Seeing and knowing: Knowledge attribution versus stimulus control in adult humans (Homo sapiens)Journal of Comparative Psychology, 109: 107-114, 1995. pdf

Blumberg MS & Wasserman EA. Animal mind and the argument from design. American Psychologist, 50: 133-144, 1995. pdf


Blumberg MS & Lucas DE. Dual mechanisms of twitching during sleep in neonatal rats. Behavioral Neuroscience, 108: 1196-1202, 1994. pdf


Blumberg MS, Efimova IV, & Alberts JR. Thermogenesis during ultrasonic vocalization by rat pups isolated in a warm environment: A thermographic analysis. Developmental Psychobiology, 25, 497-510, 1992. pdf

Blumberg MS, Mennella JA, McClintock MK, & Moltz H. Facultative sex ratio adjustment in Norway rats: Litters born asynchronously are female-biased. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 31, 401-408, 1992. pdf

Blumberg MS. Rodent ultrasonic short calls: Locomotion, biomechanics, and communication. Journal of Comparative Psychology, 106, 360-365, 1992. pdf

Blumberg MS & Alberts JR. Functions and effects in animal communication: Reactions to Guilford & Dawkins. Animal Behaviour, 44, 382-383, 1992. pdf

Blumberg MS, Efimova IV, & Alberts JR. Ultrasonic vocalizations by rat pups: The primary importance of ambient temperature and the thermal significance of contact comfort. Developmental Psychobiology, 25, 229-250, 1992. pdf


Blumberg MS & Alberts JR. Both hypoxia and milk deprivation diminish metabolic heat production and ultrasound emission by rat pups during cold exposure. Behavioral Neuroscience, 105: 1030-1037, 1991. pdf

Blumberg MS. Prostaglandin E2 accelerates sexual behavior in male rats. Physiology and Behavior, 50: 95-99, 1991. pdf

Blumberg MS & Alberts JR. On the significance of similarities between ultrasonic vocalizations of infant and adult rats. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews,15: 383-390, 1991. pdf


Blumberg MS & Alberts JR. Ultrasonic vocalizations by rat pups in the cold: An acoustic by-product of laryngeal braking? Behavioral Neuroscience, 104, 808-817, 1990. pdf

Mennella JA, Blumberg MS, McClintock MK, & Moltz H. Inter-litter competition and communal nursing among Norway rats: advantages of birth synchrony. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 27: 183-190, 1990. pdf


Blumberg MS. An allometric analysis of hippocampal theta: The significance of brain metabolic rate. Brain, Behavior and Evolution, 34, 351-356, 1989. pdf


Blumberg MS & Moltz H. How the nose cools the brain during copulation in the male rat. Physiology and Behavior, 43: 173-176, 1988. pdf


Blumberg MS & Moltz H. Hypothalamic temperature and the 22 kHz vocalization of the male rat. Physiology and Behavior, 40: 637-640, 1987. pdf

Blumberg MS, Mennella JA, & Moltz H. Hypothalamic temperature and deep body temperature during copulation in the male rat. Physiology and Behavior, 39: 367-370, 1987. pdf


Wingfield A, Milstein G, & Blumberg MS. Cerebral specialization and hemispheric performance asymmetries in narrative memory. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 59: 39-42, 1984. pdf