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Glanz RM, Sokoloff G, & Blumberg MS. Cortical representation of movement across the developmental transition to continuous neural activity. Submitted. bioRxiv

Gómez LJ, Dooley JC, & Blumberg MS. Activity in developing prefrontal cortex is shaped by sleep and sensory experience. eLife, 12: e82103, 2023. pdf

Blumberg MS & Adolph KE. Protracted development of motor cortex constrains rich interpretations of infant cognition. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 27: 233-245, 2023. pdf

Blumberg MS, Sokoloff G, & Gómez LJ. Ontogeny of sleep. In C. Kushida (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Sleep and Circadian Rhythms (Second Edition). Oxford: Elsevier, 2023, pp. 31-39.


Blumberg MS, Dooley JC, & Tiriac A. Sleep, plasticity, and sensory neurodevelopment. Neuron, 110: 3230-3242, 2022. pdf

Del Rio-Bermudez C & Blumberg MS. Sleep as a window on the sensorimotor foundations of the developing hippocampus. Hippocampus, 32: 89-97, 2022. pdf


Dooley JC, Sokoloff G, & Blumberg MS. Movements during sleep reveal the developmental emergence of a cerebellar-dependent internal model in motor thalamus. Current Biology, 31: 5501-5511. 2021. pdf

Glanz RM, Dooley JC, Sokoloff G, & Blumberg MS. Sensory coding of limb kinematics in motor cortex across a key developmental transition. Journal of Neuroscience, 41: 6905-6918, 2021. pdf

Sokoloff G, Dooley JC, Glanz RM, Wen RY, Hickerson MM, Evans LG, Laughlin HM, Apfelbaum KS, & Blumberg MS. Twitches emerge postnatally during quiet sleep in human infants and are synchronized with sleep spindles. Current Biology, 31: 3426-3432, 2021. pdf 

Gómez LJ, Dooley JC, Sokoloff G, & Blumberg MS. Parallel and serial processing in developing primary somatosensory and motor cortex. Journal of Neuroscience, 41: 3418-3431, 2021. pdf


Dooley JC, Glanz RM, Sokoloff G, & Blumberg MS. Self-generated whisker movements drive state-dependent sensory input to developing barrel cortex. Current Biology, 30: 2404-2410, 2020. pdf

Sokoloff G, Hickerson MM, Wen, RY, Tobias M, McMurray B, & Blumberg MS. Spatiotemporal organization of myoclonic twitching in sleeping human infants. Developmental Psychobiology, 62: 697-710, 2020. pdf

Del Rio-Bermudez C, Kim J, Sokoloff G, & Blumberg MS. Active sleep promotes coherent oscillatory activity in the cortico-hippocampal system of infant rats. Cerebral Cortex, 30: 2070-2082, 2020. pdf

Blumberg MS, Dooley JC, & Sokoloff G. The developing brain revealed during sleep. Current Opinion in Physiology, 15: 14-22, 2020. pdf

Blumberg MS, Lesku JA, Libourel PA, Schmidt MH, Rattenborg NC. What is REM sleep? Current Biology, 30: R38-49, 2020. pdf


Dooley JC, Sokoloff G, & Blumberg MS. Behavioral states modulate sensory processing in early development. Current Sleep Medicine Reports, 5: 112-117, 2019. pdf

Amso D & Blumberg MS. Introduction to special issue marking the 50th anniversary of Developmental Psychobiology, 61: 315-316, 2019. pdf

Blumberg MS. Q&A. Current Biology, 29: R5-R6, 2019. pdf


Dooley JC, & Blumberg MS. Developmental "awakening" of primary motor cortex to the sensory consequences of movement. eLife7: e41841, 2018. pdf

Mukherjee D, Sokoloff G, & Blumberg MS. Corollary discharge in precerebellar nuclei of sleeping infant rats. eLife, 7: e3821, 2018. pdf

Del Rio-Bermudez C, & Blumberg MS. Active sleep promotes functional connectivity in developing sensorimotor networks. BioEssays, 40: 1700234, 2018. pdf

Sokoloff G & Blumberg MS. Recording extracellular activity in the developing cerebellum of behaving rats. In R. V. Sillitoe (Ed.), Extracellular Recording Approaches (Neuromethods, Vol. 134). New York, NY: Springer, 2018, pp. 225-247. pdf


Blumberg MS, & Dooley JC. Phantom limbs, neuroprosthetics, and the developmental origins of embodiment. Trends in Neurosciences, 40: 603-612, 2017. pdf

Mukherjee D, Yonk A, Sokoloff G, & Blumberg MS. Wakefulness suppresses retinal-wave-related activation of visual cortex. Journal of Neurophysiology, 1181190-1197, 2017. pdf

Del Rio-Bermudez C, Kim J, Sokoloff G, and Blumberg MS. Theta oscillations during active sleep synchronize the developing rubro-hippocampal sensorimotor network. Current Biology, 27: 1413-1424, 2017. pdf

Harshaw ., Blumberg MS, & Alberts JR. Thermoregulation, energetics, and behavior. In J. Call (ed.), Handbook of Comparative Psychology, Washington, DC: APA Publications, 2017, pp. 931-952. pdf

Blumberg MS & Rattenborg NC. Decomposing the evolution of sleep: Comparative and developmental approaches. In J. H. Kaas (ed.), The Evolution of Nervous Systems 2e, Volume 3, Oxford: Elsevier, 2017, pp. 523-545. pdf


Blumberg MS. Development evolving: The origins and meanings of instinct. WIREs Cognitive Science, 2016. doi: 10.1002/wcs.1371 pdf  website 

Blumberg MS, Spencer JP, & Shenk, D. Introduction to the collection “How we develop: Developmental systems and the emergence of complex behaviors.” WIREs Cognitive Science,  2016. doi: 10.1002/wcs.1413 pdf  website

Spencer JP, Blumberg MS, & Shenk D. Moving beyond nature-nurture: a problem of science or communication? IEEE Newsletter of the Technical Committee on Cognitive and Developmental Systems. 13: 4-5, 2016. (A dialog with 12 responses and a reply.) pdf

Tiriac A, & Blumberg MS. Gating of reafference in the external cuneate nucleus during self-generated movements in wake but not sleep. eLife, 5: e18749, 2016. pdf

Del Rio-Bermudez C, Plumeau AM., Sattler NJ, Sokoloff G, & Blumberg MS. Spontaneous activity and functional connectivity in the developing cerebellorubral system. Journal of Neurophysiology, 1161316-1327, 2016. pdf

Tiriac A & Blumberg MS. The case of the disappearing spindle burst. Neural Plasticity, 2016. pdf

Blumberg MS & Plumeau AM. A new view of "dream enactment" in REM sleep behavior disorder. Sleep Medicine Reviews, 30: 34-42, 2016. pdf


Pospelov A, Yukin AY, Blumberg MS, Puskarjov M, & Kaila, K. Forebrain-independent generation of hyperthermic convulsions in infants rats. Epilepsia, 2015. pdf

Sokoloff G, Plumeau AM, Mukherjee D, & Blumberg MS. Twitch-related and rhythmic activation of the developing cerebellar cortex. Journal of Neurophysiology, 114: 1746-1756, 2015. pdf

Del Rio-Bermudez C, Sokoloff G, & Blumberg MS. Sensorimotor processing in the newborn rat red nucleus during active sleep. Journal of Neuroscience, 35: 8322-8332, 2015. pdf

Blumberg MS, Sokoloff G, Tiriac A, & Del Rio-Bermudez C. A valuable and promising method for recording brain activity in behaving newborn rodents. Developmental Psychobiology, 57: 506-517, 2015. pdf

Blumberg MS, Coleman CM, Sokoloff G, Weiner JA, Fritzsch B, & McMurray B. Development of twitching in sleeping infant mice depends on sensory experience. Current Biology, 25: 656-662, 2015. pdf

Blumberg MS. The developmental origins of spatial navigation: Are we headed in the right direction? Trends in Neurosciences, 38: 67-68, 2015. pdf

Blumberg MS. Developing sensorimotor systems in our sleep. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 24: 32-37, 2015. pdf

Tiriac A, Sokoloff G, & Blumberg MS. Myoclonic twitching and sleep-dependent plasticity in the developing sensorimotor system. Current Sleep Medicine Reports, 1: 74-79, 2015. pdf

Sokoloff G, Uitermarkt B, and Blumberg MS. REM sleep twitches rouse nascent cerebellar circuits: Implications for sensorimotor development. Developmental Neurobiology, 75: 1140-1153, 2015. pdf


Tiriac A, Del Rio-Bermudez C, & Blumberg MS. Self-generated movements with "unexpected" sensory consequences. Current Biology, 24: 2136-2141, 2014. pdf

Blumberg MS, Gall AJ, and Todd WD. The development of sleep–wake rhythms and the search for elemental circuits in the infant brain. Behavioral Neuroscience, 128: 250-263, 2014. pdf


Blumberg MS, Coleman CM, Gerth AI, and McMurray B. Spatiotemporal structure of REM sleep twitching reveals developmental origins of motor synergies. Current Biology, 23: 2100-2109, 2013. pdf

Blumberg MS. Setting the right tone. Current Biology, 23: R834-R836, 2013. pdf

Blumberg MS, Marques HG, and Iida F. Twitching in sensorimotor development from sleeping rats to robots. Current Biology, 23: R532-R537, 2013. pdf

Blumberg MS. Ontogeny of sleep. In: The Encyclopedia of Sleep, vol. 1, edited by C. Kushida. Oxford: Elsevier, 2013, pp. 32-37. pdf


Tiriac A, Uitermarkt BD, Fanning AS, Sokoloff G, & Blumberg MS. Rapid whisker movements in sleeping newborn rats. Current Biology, 22: 2075-2080, 2012. pdf

Gall AJ, Todd WD, & Blumberg MS. Development of SCN connectivity and the circadian control of arousal: A diminishing role for humoral factors? PLoS ONE, 2012. pdf

Blumberg MS. Homology, correspondence, and continuity across development: The case of sleep. Developmental Psychobiology, 55: 92-100, 2012. pdf

Todd WD, Gall AJ, Weiner JA, & Blumberg MS. Distinct retinohypothalamic innervation patterns predict the developmental emergence of species-typical circadian preference in nocturnal Norway rats and diurnal Nile grass rats. Journal of Comparative Neurology, 520: 3277-3292, 2012. pdf


Schmidt D, Best J, Blumberg MS. Random graph and stochastic process contributions to network dynamics. AIMS Proceedings, 2: 1279-1288, 2011. pdf

Blumberg MS. Phenomenology and function of myoclonic twitching in developing rats. In: Rapid eye movement sleep: Regulation and function, edited by BN Mallick, SR Pandi-Perumal, RW McCarley, and A Morrison. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2011, pp. 130-139.  

Karlsson KÆ, Arnardóttir H, Robinson SR, and Blumberg MS. Dynamics of sleep-wake cyclicity across the fetal period in sheep (Ovis aries). Developmental Psychobiology, 53: 89-95, 2011. pdf


Blumberg MS. Beyond dreams: do sleep-related movements contribute to brain development? Frontiers in Neurology, 2010. pdf

Marcano-Reik AJ, Prasad T, Weiner JA, & Blumberg MS. An abrupt development shift in callosal modulation of sleep-related spindle bursts coincides with the emergence of excitatory-inhibitory balance and a reduction of somatosensory cortical plasticity. Behavioral Neuroscience, 124: 600-611, 2010. pdf

Blumberg MS. & Seelke AMH. The form and function of infant sleep: From muscle to neocortex. In: The Oxford Handbook of Developmental Behavioral Neuroscience, edited by MS Blumberg, JH Freeman, and SR Robinson. New York: Oxford University Press, 2010, pp. 391-423. pdf

Blumberg MS, Freeman JH, & Robinson, SR. Introduction: A new frontier for developmental behavioral neuroscience. In: The Oxford Handbook of Developmental Behavioral Neuroscience, edited by MS Blumberg, JH Freeman, and SR Robinson. New York: Oxford University Press, 2010, pp. 1-4. pdf

Blumberg MS, Freeman JH, & Robinson, SR. The Oxford Handbook of Developmental Behavioral Neuroscience, edited by MS Blumberg, JH Freeman, and SR Robinson. New York: Oxford University Press, 2010. pdf

Wasserman EA & Blumberg MS. Designing minds: How should we explain the origins of novel behaviors? American Scientist, May-June, 2010, pp. 183-185. pdf

Mohns EJ, & Blumberg MS. Neocortical activation of the hippocampus during sleep in newborn rats. Journal of Neuroscience, 30: 3438-3449, 2010. pdf

Seelke AMH & Blumberg MS. Developmental appearance and disappearance of cortical events and oscillations in infant rats. Brain Research, 1324: 34-42, 2010. pdf

Todd WD, Gibson JL, Shaw CS, and Blumberg MS. Brainstem and hypothalamic regulation of sleep pressure and rebound in newborn rats. Behavioral Neuroscience, 124: 69-78, 2010. pdf (see Commentary by Michael Corner)   

Marcano-Reik AJ & Blumberg MS. Neuroscience. In: The Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology and Behavioral Science. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley, 2010, pp. 1086-1088.


Blumberg MS. Challenging the New York Times: Is FOXP2 really a "speech gene"?, 2009.

Wasserman EA & Blumberg MS. Evolution of the monkey crouch. Science, 325: 812 (Aug. 14), 2009. pdf

Spencer JP, Samuelson LK, Blumberg MS, McMurray B, Robinson SR, and Tomblin JB. Seeing the world through a third eye: Developmental systems theory looks beyond the nativist-empiricist debate. Child Development Perspectives, 3: 103-105, 2009. pdf

Spencer JP, Blumberg MS, McMurray B, Robinson SR, Samuelson LK, and Tomblin JB. Short arms and talking eggs: Why we should no longer abide the nativist-empiricist debate. Child Development Perspectives, 3: 79-87, 2009. pdf

Gall AJ, Joshi B, Best J, Florang VR, Doorn JA, & Blumberg MS. Developmental emergence of power-law wake behavior depends upon the functional integrity of the locus coeruleus. Sleep, 32: 920-926, 2009. pdf

Mohns EJ. & Blumberg MS. Hippocampal EEG in the neonatal rat: Development of normal and pathological activity. In: Encyclopedia of Basic Epilepsy Research, Vol. 2, edited by PA Schwartzkroin. Oxford: Academic Press, 2009, pp. 1061-1065.

Blumberg, M. S. Evolution shapes systems, not just genes. Nature, 457, 785 (Feb. 12), 2009. pdf


Marcano-Reik AJ, & Blumberg MS. The corpus callosum modulates spindle-burst activity within homotopic regions of somatosensory cortex in newborn rats. European Journal of Neuroscience, 28: 1457-1468, 2008. pdf

Blumberg, M. S. Bridgeless gaps. OUPblog, 2008.

Mohns EJ & Blumberg MS. Synchronous bursts of neuronal activity in the developing hippocampus: Modulation by active sleep, and association with emerging gamma and theta rhythms. Journal of Neuroscience, 28: 10134-10144, 2008. pdf (Supplemental material)

Gall AJ, Todd WD, Ray B, Coleman CM, & Blumberg MS. The development of day-night differences in sleep and wakefulness in Norway rats and the effect of bilateral enucleation. Journal of Biological Rhythms, 23: 232-241, 2008. pdf

Seelke AMH & Blumberg MS. The microstructure of active and quiet sleep as cortical delta activity emerges in infant rats. Sleep, 31: 691-699, 2008. pdf


Mohns EJ, Karlsson KÆ, & Blumberg MS. Developmental emergence of transient and persistent hippocampal events and oscillations and their association with infant seizure susceptibility. European Journal of Neuroscience, 26: 2719-2730, 2007. pdf

Blumberg MS, Karlsson KÆ, & Seelke AMH. Sleep, development, and human health. Sleep, 30: 549-550, 2007. pdf

Blumberg MS. Anthropomorphism and evidence (invited commentary). Comparative Cognition & Behavior Reviews, 2: 145-146, 2007. pdf

Gall AJ, Poremba A, & Blumberg MS. Brainstem cholinergic modulation of muscle tone in infant rats. European Journal of Neuroscience, 25: 3367-3375, 2007. pdf

Blumberg MS, Coleman C, Johnson, ED, & Shaw C. Developmental divergence of sleep-wake patterns in orexin knockout and wild-type mice. European Journal of Neuroscience, 25: 512-518, 2007. pdf


Karlsson KÆ, Mohns EJ, Vianna di Prisco G, & Blumberg MS. On the co-occurrence of startles and hippocampal sharp waves in newborn rats. Hippocampus, 16: 959-965, 2006. pdf

Wasserman EA & Blumberg MS. Designing minds. APS Observer, 19: 25-26, 2006. pdf

Mohns EJ, Karlsson KÆ, & Blumberg MS. The preoptic hypothalamus and basal forebrain play opposing roles in the descending modulation of sleep and wakefulness in infant rats. European Journal of Neuroscience, 23: 1301-1310, 2006. pdf


Blumberg MS, Seelke AMH, Lowen SB, & Karlsson KÆ. Dynamics of sleep-wake cyclicity in developing rats. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 102: 14860-14864, 2005. pdf

Seelke AMH, Karlsson KÆ, Gall AJ, & Blumberg MS. Extraocular muscle activity, rapid eye movements, and the development of active and quiet sleep. European Journal of Neuroscience, 22: 911-920, 2005. pdf

Middlemis-Brown JE, Johnson ED, and Blumberg MS. Separable brainstem and forebrain contributions to ultrasound production in infant rats. Behavioral Neuroscience, 119: 1111-1117, 2005. pdf

Blumberg MS. The animal zealotry that destroyed our lab. The Washington Post, Sunday Outlook, July 17, 2005. pdf

Karlsson KÆ, Gall AJ, Mohns EJ, Seelke AMH, & Blumberg MS. The neural substrates of infant sleep in rats. PLoS Biology, 3, 891-901: 2005. pdf  synopsis

Kreider JC & Blumberg MS. Geotaxis and beyond: Commentary on Motz and Alberts (2005). Neurotoxicology and Teratology, 27, 535-537: 2005. pdf

Blumberg MS, Johnson ED, and Middlemis-Brown JE. Inhibition of ultrasonic vocalizations by beta-adrenoceptor agonists. Developmental Psychobiology, 47: 66-76, 2005. pdf

Seelke AMH, & Blumberg MS. Thermal and nutritional modulation of sleep in infant rats. Behavioral Neuroscience, 119: 603-611, 2005. pdf

Blumberg MS, Karlsson KÆ, Seelke AMH, & Mohns EJ. The ontogeny of mammalian sleep: A response to Frank and Heller (2003). Journal of Sleep Research,14: 91-101, 2005. pdf

Karlsson KÆ, & Blumberg MS. Active medullary control of atonia in week-old rats. Neuroscience, 130: 275-283, 2005. pdf


Blumberg MS. Behavioral thermoregulation. In: Encyclopedia of Animal Behavior, edited by M Bekoff. Westport, CT: Greenwood Publishing Group, 2004, pp. 104-107.

Blumberg MS, Middlemis-Brown JE, and Johnson ED. Sleep homeostasis in infant rats. Behavioral Neuroscience, 118: 1253-1261, 2004. pdf

Seelke AMH, & Blumberg MS. Sniffing during sleep and wakefulness in infant rats. Behavioral Neuroscience, 118: 267-273, 2004. pdf

Sokoloff G & Blumberg MS. Vocalization. In: The Behaviour of the Laboratory Rat: A Handbook With Tests, edited by B Kolb and IQ Whishaw. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 2004, pp. 371-380.

Karlsson KÆ, & Blumberg MS. Temperature-induced reciprocal activation of infant hippocampal field activity. Journal of Neurophysiology, 91: 583-588, 2004. pdf

Karlsson KÆ, Kreider JC, & Blumberg MS. Hypothalamic contribution to sleep-wake cycle development. Neuroscience, 123: 575-582, 2004. pdf


Blumberg MS & Sokoloff G. Hard heads and open minds: A reply to Panksepp. Psychological Review, 110: 389-394, 2003. pdf

Karlsson KÆ, & Blumberg MS. Hippocampal theta in the newborn rat is revealed under conditions that promote REM sleep. Journal of Neuroscience, 23: 1114-1118, 2003. pdf


Karlsson KÆ & Blumberg MS. The union of the state: Myoclonic twitching is coupled with nuchal muscle atonia in infant rats. Behavioral Neuroscience, 116: 912-917, 2002. pdf

Sokoloff G & Blumberg, MS Contributions of endothermy to huddling behavior in infant Norway rats (Rattus norvegicus) and Syrian golden hamsters (Mesocricetus auratus)Journal of Comparative Psychology, 116: 240-246, 2002. pdf

Sokoloff G, Blumberg MS, Boline EA, Johnson ED, & Streeper NM. Thermoregulatory behavior in infant Norway rats (Rattus norvegicus) and Syrian golden hamsters (Mesocricetus auratus): Arousal, orientation, and locomotion. Journal of Comparative Psychology, 116: 228-239, 2002. pdf

Blumberg MS, Lewis SJ, & Sokoloff G. Incubation temperature modulates post-hatching thermoregulatory behavior in the Madagascar ground gecko, Paroedura pictusJournal of Experimental Biology, 205: 2777-2784, 2002. pdf

Blumberg MS, Sokoloff G, Kirby RF, Knoot TG, & Lewis SJ. Effects of antihypertensive drugs on ultrasound production and cardiovascular responses in 15-day-old rats. Behavioural Brain Research, 131: 37-46, 2002. pdf


Blumberg MS, Knoot TG, & Kirby RF. Neural and hormonal control of arterial pressure during thermal challenge in unanesthetized infant rats. American Journal of Physiology, 281: R1514-R1521, 2001. pdf

Blumberg MS. The developmental context of thermal homeostasis. In EM Blass (ed.), The Handbook of Behavioral Neurobiology, Volume 13, Developmental Psychobiology, Developmental Neurobiology and Behavioral Ecology: Mechanisms and Early Principles, New York: Plenum Press, pp. 199-228, 2001. pdf

Sokoloff G & Blumberg MS. Competition and cooperation among huddling infant rats. Developmental Psychobiology, 39: 65-75, 2001. pdf

Blumberg MS & Sokoloff G. Do infant rats cry? Psychological Review, 108: 83-95, 2001. pdf


Kreider JC & Blumberg MS. Mesopontine contribution to the expression of active "twitch" sleep in decerebrate week-old rats. Brain Research, 872: 149-159, 2000. pdf

Sokoloff G, Blumberg MS, & Adams MM. A comparative analysis of huddling in infant Norway rats and Syrian golden hamsters: Does endothermy modulate behavior? Behavioral Neuroscience, 114: 585-593, 2000. pdf

Blumberg MS, Kreber L, Sokoloff G, Kent, K. Cardiovascular mediation of clonidine-induced ultrasound production in infant rats. Behavioral Neuroscience, 114: 602-608, 2000. pdf

Robinson SR, Blumberg MS, Lane M, & Kreber L. Spontaneous motor activity in fetal and infant rats is organized into discrete multilimb bouts. Behavioral Neuroscience,114: 328-336, 2000. pdf

Blumberg MS, Sokoloff G, & Kent KJ. A developmental analysis of clonidine's effects on cardiac rate and ultrasound production in infant rats. Developmental Psychobiology, 36: 186-193, 2000. pdf

Blumberg MS & Sokoloff G, Kirby RF, & Kent KJ. Distress vocalizations in infant rats: What's all the fuss about? Psychological Science, 11: 78-81, 2000. pdf


Blumberg MS, Sokoloff G, & Kent KJ. Cardiovascular concomitants of ultrasound production during cold exposure in infant rats. Behavioral Neuroscience, 113: 1274-1282, 1999. pdf

Kreider JC & Blumberg MS. Geotaxis in two-week-old Norway rats (Rattus norvegicus): A reevaluation. Developmental Psychobiology, 35: 35-42, 1999. pdf

Kirby RF, Sokoloff G, Perdomo E, & Blumberg MS. Thermoregulatory and cardiac responses of infant spontaneously hypertensive and Wistar-Kyoto rats to cold exposure. Hypertension, 33: 1465-1469, 1999. pdf

Blumberg MS, Deaver K, & Kirby RF. Leptin disinhibits nonshivering thermogenesis in infants after maternal separation. American Journal of Physiology, 276: R606-R610, 1999. pdf


Sokoloff G, Kirby RF, & Blumberg MS. Further evidence that BAT thermogenesis modulates cardiac rate in infant rats. American Journal of Physiology, 274: R1712-R1717, 1998. pdf

Sokoloff G, & Blumberg MS. Thermoregulatory competence and behavioral expression in the young of altricial species—Revisited. Developmental Psychobiology, 33: 107-123, 1998. pdf

Sokoloff G & Blumberg MS. Active sleep in cold-exposed infant Norway rats and Syrian golden hamsters: The role of brown adipose tissue thermogenesis. Behavioral Neuroscience, 112: 695-706, 1998. pdf

Kirby RF & Blumberg MS. Maintenance of arterial pressure in infant rats during moderate and extreme thermal challenge. Developmental Psychobiology, 32: 169-176, 1998. pdf


Blumberg MS. Ontogeny of cardiac rate regulation and brown fat thermogenesis in golden hamsters (Mesocricetus auratus)Journal of Comparative Physiology B, 167: 552-557, 1997. pdf

Blumberg MS & Sokoloff G. Dynamics of brown fat thermogenesis in week-old rats: Evidence of relative stability during moderate cold exposure. Physiological Zoology, 70: 324-330, 1997. pdf

Blumberg MS, Sokoloff G, & Kirby RF. Brown fat thermogenesis and cardiac rate regulation during cold challenge in infant rats. American Journal of Physiology, 272: R1308-R1313, 1997. pdf

Sokoloff G, & Blumberg MS. Thermogenic, respiratory, and ultrasonic responses of week-old rats across the transition from moderate to extreme cold exposure. Developmental Psychobiology, 30: 181-194, 1997. pdf

Blumberg MS & Alberts JR. Incidental emissions, fortuitous effects, and the origins of communication. In: Perspectives in Ethology, Volume 12, edited by DH Owings, MD Beecher, and NS Thompson. New York, Plenum Press, 1997, pp. 225-249. pdf


Blumberg MS & Wasserman EA. Animals have minds? American Psychologist, 51: 59-60, 1996.

Blumberg MS & Stolba MA. Thermogenesis, myoclonic twitching, and ultrasonic vocalization in neonatal rats during moderate and extreme cold exposure. Behavioral Neuroscience, 110: 305-314, 1996. pdf

Blumberg MS & Lucas DE. A developmental and component analysis of active sleep. Developmental Psychobiology, 29: 1-22, 1996. pdf


Blumberg MS, Schalk SL, & Sokoloff G. Pontine and basal forebrain transections disinhibit brown fat thermogenesis in neonatal rats. Brain Research, 699: 214-220, 1995. pdf

Gagliardi JL, Kirkpatrick-Steger KK, Thomas J, Allen GJ, & Blumberg MS. Seeing and knowing: Knowledge attribution versus stimulus control in adult humans (Homo sapiens)Journal of Comparative Psychology, 109: 107-114, 1995. pdf

Blumberg MS & Wasserman EA. Animal mind and the argument from design. American Psychologist, 50: 133-144, 1995. pdf


Blumberg MS & Lucas DE. Dual mechanisms of twitching during sleep in neonatal rats. Behavioral Neuroscience, 108: 1196-1202, 1994. pdf


Blumberg MS, Efimova IV, & Alberts JR. Thermogenesis during ultrasonic vocalization by rat pups isolated in a warm environment: A thermographic analysis. Developmental Psychobiology, 25, 497-510, 1992. pdf

Blumberg MS, Mennella JA, McClintock MK, & Moltz H. Facultative sex ratio adjustment in Norway rats: Litters born asynchronously are female-biased. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 31, 401-408, 1992. pdf

Blumberg MS. Rodent ultrasonic short calls: Locomotion, biomechanics, and communication. Journal of Comparative Psychology, 106, 360-365, 1992. pdf

Blumberg MS & Alberts JR. Functions and effects in animal communication: Reactions to Guilford & Dawkins. Animal Behaviour, 44, 382-383, 1992. pdf

Blumberg MS, Efimova IV, & Alberts JR. Ultrasonic vocalizations by rat pups: The primary importance of ambient temperature and the thermal significance of contact comfort. Developmental Psychobiology, 25, 229-250, 1992. pdf


Blumberg MS & Alberts JR. Both hypoxia and milk deprivation diminish metabolic heat production and ultrasound emission by rat pups during cold exposure. Behavioral Neuroscience, 105: 1030-1037, 1991. pdf

Blumberg MS. Prostaglandin E2 accelerates sexual behavior in male rats. Physiology and Behavior, 50: 95-99, 1991. pdf

Blumberg MS & Alberts JR. On the significance of similarities between ultrasonic vocalizations of infant and adult rats. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews,15: 383-390, 1991. pdf


Blumberg MS & Alberts JR. Ultrasonic vocalizations by rat pups in the cold: An acoustic by-product of laryngeal braking? Behavioral Neuroscience, 104, 808-817, 1990. pdf

Mennella JA, Blumberg MS, McClintock MK, & Moltz H. Inter-litter competition and communal nursing among Norway rats: advantages of birth synchrony. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 27: 183-190, 1990. pdf


Blumberg MS. An allometric analysis of hippocampal theta: The significance of brain metabolic rate. Brain, Behavior and Evolution, 34, 351-356, 1989. pdf


Blumberg MS & Moltz H. How the nose cools the brain during copulation in the male rat. Physiology and Behavior, 43: 173-176, 1988. pdf


Blumberg MS & Moltz H. Hypothalamic temperature and the 22 kHz vocalization of the male rat. Physiology and Behavior, 40: 637-640, 1987. pdf

Blumberg MS, Mennella JA, & Moltz H. Hypothalamic temperature and deep body temperature during copulation in the male rat. Physiology and Behavior, 39: 367-370, 1987. pdf


Wingfield A, Milstein G, & Blumberg MS. Cerebral specialization and hemispheric performance asymmetries in narrative memory. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 59: 39-42, 1984. pdf